Discover the social organization of lions !
of reading - words
One of the most studied animals in the animal world, the lion has several astonishing characteristics, particularly in its social organization. A remarkable aspect of this fearsome tawny 🦁.
Social system of lion : organizing themselves into groups.
Rightly considered as the king of animals, the lion has been roaming the planet for several million years, adapting to its environment to master it and survive the ages. But for this large feline, the only one to live in organized groups, adaptation also means coping with other individuals of its species.
Group of lions.
The well-established hierarchy of lions.
In the Panthera leo, as the largest carnivore in Africa is scientifically called, every aspect of life is governed by established hierarchical rules 🏆. And these begin at birth. At this point in the feline's life, the predator-to-be is literally on probation, subject to the harsh laws of nature. For example, if there is a change of dominant male, each lion cub will be mercilessly killed by the new leader of the troop.
Otherwise, if the young manage to reach adult size, they will often be driven out of the pack at the age of 3 and a half years at the latest, especially if they are males. Because in lions, every relationship is a matter of physical domination and no leader can tolerate a competitor in his troop, composed, depending on the case, of 4 to 40 members.
The social organization of Lions is at the origin of their domination.
Lionesses, on the other hand, are much less likely to be excluded from the group. As breeders - and hunters - they play an integral role in the social organization of lions. For example, they take turns suckling their young to share out the rest of the tasks. For they are also the ones who slaughter 80 to 90% of the game consumed by the troop, organizing themselves rigorously to get rid of their prey, most often at night. But once the game is on the ground, the male once again asserts his role as leader, not hesitating to physically impose himself on his females in order to take "the lion's share".
Lions drinking water.
The lion male : guarantor of the territory.
The leader of the pack, while he rarely hunts and leaves this task to the lionesses, takes on other tasks. For example, he is in charge of defending the territory and watching over it. To do so, he does not hesitate to place his urine on the outskirts of his fiefdom, to roar to keep out strangers, or fight to repel any competition.
But not all male lions are fortunate enough to be at the head of a pack, and most of them, once excluded from the pack in which they grew up, are even condemned to roam alone. From then on, their existence comes down to surviving, sleeping and looking for a pack to lead, usually by overthrowing the leader already in place.
It also happens that a troop breaks up into smaller groups, giving a lone lion the opportunity to have his own family. A new cycle then begins, beginning with the extermination of the young already present, which will make way for a new litter, that of the new male.
The social organization of lions, even if it is ruthless and based on physical strength, is undeniably at the origin of the domination of this fearsome predator over its environment and its food chain. It is even this fascinating particularity that has led to this large feline being studied by men for decades.
Axelle - Lion Republic writer.